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The Botanical Society of South Africa
       Kwa Zulu-Natal Coastal Branch

Ground covers 2016
 

Ground covers (for both sunny and shady areas) are crucial garden features which need little maintenance if planted in an appropriate position. They hold the soil and keep it moist as well as keeping weeds under control. They can provide sundrenched carpets and banks of colour, or soft forest-floor effects. Try a scrambling Plectranthus on a shady bank, or plan for breathtaking cascades of blue Barleria on a sunny wall in late summer…
 

Aptenia cordifolia

Pink Aptenia

Prolific shade-loving succulent groundcover
 

Aptenia cordifolia

Red Aptenia

Prolific shade-loving succulent groundcover
 

Asparagus densiflorus 'cwebe'

Cwebe Asparagus

50cm, light/deep shade, dark green arching branches, new growth copper, red berries, good indoors

Asparagus sprengerii

Emerald Fern

Soft trailing ground cover. Red berries. Semi shade.
 

Asystasia gangetica

Creeping Foxglove

Vigorous ground cover for shade/semi-shade, white flowers. Butterflies and bees

Barleria obtusa

Bush Violet

1m spreading/scrambling soft shrub in sun, profuse pale blue-lilac flowers

Barleria obtusa 'Purple Prince'

Purple Barleria

50cm fast growing spreading soft shrub, sun/semi, mauve/purple flowers

Barleria repens

Red Creeping Barleria

Spreading leafy ground cover, sun/shade, coral-red flowers.

Barleria repens

Cerise Creeping Barleria

Spreading leafy ground cover, sun/shade, cerise flowers.

Barleria repens 'Pink'

Pink Creeping Barleria

Spreading leafy ground cover, sun/shade, pink flowers.
 

Barstasia X

Asystasia X Barleria

Natural hybrid. Tough, fast, 50cm, mauve flowers Aug/Dec. Sun

Becium 'pulchellum'

Cat's Whiskers

30cm, sun/semi, white flowers, butterflies
 

Bergeranthus scapiger

Yellow Mesem

Yellow-flowered clumping succulent, flowers open in afternoon

Bulbine asphodeloides

Stalked Bulbine - Orange

30cm succulent, sun, orange flowers. Sap soothes skin ailments.

Bulbine latifolia

Broad-leaved Bulbine

Ground cover in sun or shade. Broad leaves, lovely yellow flowers. Sets seed.

Bulbine natalensis

Broad-leaved Bulbine

Broad-leaved succulent, semi-shade, yellow flowers. Sap used for skin ailments

Bulbine pallida

Dwarf Bulbine

Clumping succulent groundcover 10cm, semi-shade, orange-yellow flowers

Carissa grandiflora

Green Carpet

40cm low spreading spiny bush, glossy foliage, white flowers, red fruit for birds

Carpobrotus dimidiatus

Dune Fig

Mauve or white-flowered trailing succulent
 

Carpobrotus edulis

Cape Dune Fig

Cream-flowered coarse trailing succulent; good groundcover for dry banks

Carpobrotus sp. White

White Carpobrotus

White-flowered coarse trailing succulent; good groundcover for dry banks

Chaetacanthus setiger

Fairy Stars

Low spreading groundcover, small white flowers, attracts butterflies

Chlorophytum bowkeri

Bowker's Chlorophytum

Clumping strap leaves, shade 60cm white flowers

Chlorophytum comosum

Green Hen-and-Chicken

Spreading grass-like groundcover for shade, white flowers on arching stems

Chlorophytum comosum

Variegated Hen and Chickens

Spreading grass-like groundcover for shade, white flowers on arching stems

Chlorophytum modestum

Variegated 'Green Nugget

Compact, low-growing ground cover for light shade, variegated.

Chlorophytum saundersiae

Weeping Anthericum

40cm, sun/shade, white flowers all year.
 

Crassula capitella

Gold-leaf Crassula

Low-growing good for rockery, orange-tinged foliage; flowers attract butterflies

Crassula expansa

Dainty Crassula

Quick spreading groundcover for sun/semi. Tiny white flowers and leaves

Crassula multicava

Fairy Crassula

20cm. Fleshy groundcover in sun/shade. Pink and white flowers in autumn. Reliable.

Crassula multicava

Maroon-leaf Crassula

25cm, shady areas, sprays of tiny beige flowers, leaves with maroon underside

Crassula multicava

Maroon-leaf Crassula

25cm, shady areas, sprays of tiny beige flowers, leaves with maroon underside

Crassula obovata

Stonecrop

30cm, sun / semi-shade; cream flowers; leaves in rosettes; good pot plant

Crassula pellucida

Carpet Crassula

Attractive compact succulent ground cover for sun, small white flowers

Crassula perfoliata

Sickle-leaf Crassula

Attractive grey-green foliage and heads of white star-flowers. Pot or Rockery.

Crassula sarmentosa 'V'

Variegated Bushy Crassula

20cm, low bushy succulent, sun or semi-shade clustered white-pink flowers

Crassula spathulata

Green Cushion

Attractive round-leaved groundcover for sun/shade with white-pink star-flowers

Crassula tetragona

Mini Tree Crassula

Max. 50cm. Shrublet for rockeries. White or yellowshish green flowers.

Cyanotis speciosa

Doll's Powder-puff

Semi-succulent spreading grassland herb, sun, pretty mauve puffs of flowers

Delosperma lehmannii

Ice Plant

6 cm, sun, pale yellow flowers
 

Delosperma lineare

White Vygie

Dainty succulent shrublet for sun, white flowers
 

Delosperma sp.

Cerise Vygie

Flat-growing groundcover, pink flowers, sun, rockery or container

Delosperma sp.

Mauve Vygie

Sun, good ground cover, pretty bright flowers
 

Delosperma sp.

Orange Vygie

Sun, good ground cover, pretty bright flowers
 

Delosperma sp.

Peach Vygie

Rewarding low-growing colourful succulents.
 

Delosperma sp.

Pink Vygie

Sun, good ground cover, pretty bright flowers
 

Delosperma subpetiolatum

Pink Vygie

20cm, sun, pink flowers; spreading
 

Delosperma tradescantioides

Trailing Vygie

Trailing white-flowered ground cover for sun
 

Diascia hybrids

Twin-spur

30cm, soft leafy shrublet, sun, profuse, long-lasting pink/red 'twin-spur' flowers

Dimorphotheca jucunda

Trailing Daisy

Trailing leafy ground cover; large white daisy flowers. Good on sunny banks

Drosanthemum hispidum

Perennial Iceplant

Rambling floriferous ground cover good for dry sunny banks

Dymondia margaretae

Silver Carpet

10 cm, sun, well-drained soil, yellow daisies, good between paving stones

Eumorphia sericea

White Daisy

80cm shrublet, sun, white daisies with yellow centres
 

Falckia repens

White Carpet

Attractive low spreading groundcover 10cm, sun-semi; small white-pink flowers

Felicia amelloides

Kingfisher Daisy

40cm leafy shrublet, sun, profuse blue daisies with yellow centres; good filler

Felicia amelloides

Variegated Felicia

40cm shrublet, sun, profuse white daisies with yellow centres.

Felicia amelloides

White Felicia

40cm leafy shrublet, sun, profuse white daisies with yellow centres; good filler

Felicia bergerana

Kingfisher Daisy

30cm leafy shrublet, sun, profuse blue daisies with yellow centres; good filler

Felicia erigeroides

Wild Michaelmas Daisy

50cm erect branching bushy shrublet, full sun filler, profuse white-pink daisies

Gazania rigens

Silver Trailing Gazania

Trailing ground cover, sun; silver foliage, yellow daisy flowers. Good on banks

Gazania rigens  

Yellow Trailing Gazania

Ground cover, sun; brilliant yellow, large flowers.

Gazania X 'Daybreak'

Hybrid Gazania

25cm low bushy herb, good ground cover for sun; brilliant colour daisy flowers

Geranium incanum

Carpet Geranium

Low spreading soft herb 30cm, moist sun-semi, bright purple-magenta flowers

Geranium incanum var.

Large-leaved Carpet Geranium

Low spreading soft herb 30cm, moist sun-semi, bright purple-magenta flowers

Glottiphyllum regium

Glottiphyllum

Clumping succulent with showy large yellow flowers
 

Helichrysum cymosum

Gold Carpet

50cm, sun, low dense bush, fine grey foliage, gold clustered flowers

Helichrysum petiolare

Silver Lace

40cm, hardy ground cover, sun, well-drained soil, creamy flowers

Hermannia pinnata

Orange Hermannia

15cm low herbaceous shrublet, sun in grassland, attractive nodding orange bells

Kalanchoe decumbens

Common Kalanchoe

20cm, sun, succulent ground cover, red flowers
 

Kalanchoe rotundifolia

Common Kalanchoe

30cm, sun, succulent ground cover, yellow flowers
 

Lampranthus aureus

Orange Vygie

Spreading succulent ground cover, sun, profuse bright orange flowers. Rockery

Lampranthus sp.

Red Lampranthus

Succulent ground cover for sun, profuse colourful flowers.
 

Lampranthus sp.

Vygie

Succulent ground cover for sun, profuse colourful flowers.
 

Lampranthus sp.

Purple Vygie

Succulent ground cover for sun, profuse colourful flowers.
 

Lampranthus sp.

Yellow Lampranthus

Succulent ground cover for sun, profuse colourful flowers.
 

Malephora crocea

Coppery Mesem

Succulent groundcover for hot sunny position. Profuse orange-red flowers

Microsorum scolopendrium

Dune Fern

Pleasing groundcover for sun or shade.  Also for hanging baskets.

Nemesia sp. X

'Aromatica' Nemesias

Small delicate 25cm annual shrublet, delightful effect in a colourful mixed border

Orbea lutea

Yellow Carrion Flower

Spreading succulent with typical yellow carrion flowers
 

Oscularia deltoides

Silver Teeth

Attractive slow and low-growing silver-grey succulent with pink vygie flowers

Osteospermum fruticosum

White Osteospermum

Trailing leafy ground cover; large white daisy flowers. Good on sunny banks

Pelargonium Hybrids

mixed hybrid

1m bush, sunny well-drained soil, colourful flowers
 

Pelargonium peltatum

Pelargonium Hybrids

Trailing 'ivy-leaf' semi-succulent  with cheerful clusters of pale mauve flowers

Pelargonium tongaense

Tonga Pelargonium

30cm, semi-shade, trailing with bright red flowers.
 

Plectranthus ambiguus

Large-flowered Plectranthus

1m, shade, mauve flowers, good container

Plectranthus cf verticillatus

Money Plant

10cm. Groundcover in semi-shade. Spreading. White flowers.

Plectranthus ciliatus

Speckled Spur Flower

40cm spreading, shade, attractive foliage.
 

Plectranthus madagascariensis

Variegated Plectranthus

Cheerful spreading ground cover, prefers partial shade.

Plectranthus neochilus

Lobster Flower

Groundcover for sun, mauve flowers, attracts butterflies
 

Plectranthus spicatus

Long-spiked Spur-flower

Shiny succulent leaves, dry sun, mauve flowers, butterflies.

Plectranthus verticillatus

Money Plant

10cm. Groundcover in semi-shade. Spreading. White flowers.

Plectranthus verticillatus nana

Small Money Plant

Low-trailing glossy herb. Good groundcover in light shade and in hanging basket

Portulaca quadrifida

Wild Purslane

Flat-growing, sun/shade, tiny yellow flowers; good for between paving stones

Portulacaria afra aurea 'nana'

Dwarf Golden Spekboom

Drought-resistant succulent shrubby ground cover for full sun; good for banks

Portulacaria afra 'nana'

Creeping Porkbush

Good rockery/loffelstein plant, neat & manageable
 

Portulacaria afra 'nana'

Dwarf Spekboom

30cm low-growing drought-resistant succulent ground cover for sun; holds soil

Ruschia lineolata

Carpet of Stars

Dense growing succulent groundcover, 10cm, small pink flowers, binds banks

Selaginella kraussiana

Moss Fern

10cm, damp shade, good for between paving stones or rockery; or as pot plant

Senecio speciosus

Beautiful Senecio

60cm grassland herb, sun, damp to wet soil, lovely pink-mauve daisy flowers

Stachys aethiopica

Wild Sage

Attractive groundcover for sun or shade, white flowers
 

Sutera cordata

Trailing Phlox

Edging/filler, sun, cold areas, white flowers.
 

Tulbaghia violacea

Silver Lace

Clumping evergreen bulb, variegated leaves, 30 cm, sun, mauve flower head

Tulbaghia violacea

Wild Garlic

Clumping evergreen bulb, 40 cm, sun, narrow grey-green leaves, mauve flowers