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The Botanical Society of South Africa
       Kwa Zulu-Natal Coastal Branch

Woody shrubs 2016
 

These are a tremendous resource for the gardener as together with trees they provide the real long-term substance and texture of the garden. Note that many of these shrubs can actually serve as trees in smaller gardens.
 

Anastrabe integerrima

Pambati Tree

Small bushy tree with braille-like markings on trunk; yellow orchid-like flowers

Barleria albostellata

Grey Barleria

2m bushy shrub, sun/dry light shade, attractive silvery foliage; white flowers

Bauhinia galpinii

Pride-of-De-Kaap

Scrambling bush, sun, 3m, orange-red flowers, sunbirds.
 

Bauhinia natalensis

Natal Bauhinia

Delicate shrub, 2m, sun.  Pretty, white flowers all year.
 

Bowkeria citrina

Yellow Shell-flower

3m, sun/semi-shade, yellow flowers, scented leaves, rare
 

Bowkeria verticillata

Natal Shell-flower

Attractive large upright cold-hardy shrub, sun; scented white waxy flowers

Brachylaena discolor

Coast Silver Oak

Fast-growing small tree for coastal or windy areas; good for hedge or screen

Buddleja auriculata

Weeping Sage

2m straggly shrub, soft foliage, sun, lovely scented cream flowers, butterflies

Buddleja dysophylla

White Climbing Sage

Scrambling shrub, semi-shade, scented cream flowers.
 

Buddleja loricata

Mountain Sage

Bushy shrub 1m, profuse cream flowers with sweet scent, cold hardy

Buddleja salviifolia

Mountain Sage

Fast-growing shrub. Mauve flowers attract bees. Very cold-hardy
 

Burchellia bubalina

Wild Pomegranate

3m bushy shrub/tree, sun/semi-shade, clusters orange flowers, attracts birds

Carissa edulis

Simple-spine Carissa

3-5m thorny shrub, sun, heads of fragrant white flowers, edible purple-black fruit

Carissa macrocarpa

umthungulu

Shrub, sun, white flowers, tasty red fruit, hedge/barrier plant. Birds.

Carissa tetramera

Sand Forest Carissa

1-2m prickly shrub, sun. Scented small white flowers, edible black berries. Birds

Cassinopsis illicifolia

Lemon Thorn

2-5m bushy shrub, shiny leaves, sun/shade, orange fruit, cold hardy spiny hedge

Chrysanthemoides monilifera

Bush Tick-berry

Herbaceous shrub, sun, yellow daisy flowers. Good for exposed coastal areas

Coddia rudis

Small Bone-apple

1.5m shrub, sun/semi-shade, small hanging white flowers, birds. Container plant

Coffea racemosa

Mozambique Coffee

2m shrub for shade with glossy leaves and lovely white-pink scented flowers

Dais cotinifolia

Pompon Tree

Small multi-stemmed deciduous specimen tree, sun;  profuse pink flowers.

Diospyros lycioides

Bloubos

Hardy shrub of 3m. In hot, dry spots. Heavy fruiting in autumn.
 

Diospyros scabrida

Coastal Bladder-nut

Multi-stemmed shrub, sun, attractive leaves and fruits; good hedge or bonsai

Diospyros whyteana

Bladder-nut

Multi-stemmed small tree, sun, attractive leaves and fruits; good screen

Dovyalis rhamnoides

Common Sourberry

2-3m large shrub/small tree, sun/semi. Tasty red fruits; good barrier plant

Duvernoia adhatodoides

Pistol Bush

2-4m shrub-small tree with white flowers, attracts birds and butterflies

Eriocephalus africanus

Wild Rosemary

1m, sprawling multi-branched shrub. Sun, white flowers and fruits, culinary herb.

Erythrina humeana

Dwarf Coral Tree

2-3m deciduous thorny shrub, sun, spectacular scarlet flowers, sunbirds

Felicia filifolia

Fine-leaved Felicia

50cm shrublet, full sun; masses of mauve-pink flowers.
 

Freylinia tropica

Blue Freylinia

Upright sprawling shrub 2m, sun/semi, profuse delicate pale blue flowers.

Freylinia tropica

White Freylinia

Upright sprawling shrub 2m, sun/semi, profuse delicate pale blue or white  flowers.

Freylinia undulata

Mauve Honeybell Bush

2m, sparsley branching shrub with beautiful mauve tubular flowers

Gardenia cornuta

Natal Gardenia

Decorative small angular tree, sun, large scented white flowers, yellow fruits

Gardenia thunbergia

White Gardenia

Small angular tree, sun/semi. Large, scented white flowers.
 

Gardenia volkensii

Bushveld Gardenia

Large woody shrub, sun, profuse large scented white flowers fading to yellow

Gnidia triplinervis

Gnidia

60cm, sun, yellow flowers, good filler, coastal grasslands but frost-hardy

Grewia occidentalis

Crossberry

3m fast-growing scrambling shrub, sun, pretty lilac flowers; birds.
 

Greyia sutherlandii

Natal Bottlebrush

Small sparse tree, full sun, lovely red flowers, birds. Good for Kloof and inland.

Gymnosporia arenicola

Spikethorn

2-4m thorny tree, sun/semi; good barrier plant. White flowers; fruit for birds

Gymnosporia bachmannii

Pondo Spikethorn

2-4m small drooping tree, sun; Pondoland endemic. White flowers; red fruit

Gymnosporia mossambicense

Forest Spikethorn

2-4m thorny tree, semi-shade; good barrier plant. White flowers; fruit for birds

Halleria lucida

Tree Fuchsia

Small tree, excellent for birds. Orange, red or maroon flowers
 

Lycium acutifolium

Hedgehog Bush

1m spiny shrub, sun/shade; small red fruit eaten by birds
 

Mackaya bella

River Bells

3m, light shade, rich damp soil. Large palest mauve flowers.
 

Melianthus comosus

Red Honey Flower

1m, soft shrub in sunny grassland, red-orange flowers, attracts sunbirds

Metarungia pubinervia

Red Sunbird Bush

2m, shade, red flowers for birds. Newly cultivated - a find!
 

Ochna natalitia

Natal Plane

2-4m large woody shrub with showy yellow flowers and attractive new foliage

Ochna serrulata

Carnival Bush

Neat shrub for sun/shade. Profuse scented yellow flowers and red calyxes

Oncoba spinosa

Snuff-box Tree

Small thorny tree. White and yellow 'fried-egg' flowers, hard round fruit.

Pavonia praemorsa

Yellow Mallow

1m, sun/semi-shade; delightful yellow mini-hibiscus flowers fade to orange.

Plumbago auriculata

Blue Plumbago

2m, sprawling, sun, profuse blue flowers, butterflies.
 

Plumbago auriculata

Dark Blue Plumbago

2m, sprawling, sun, profuse blueflowers, butterflies.
 

Polygala myrtifolia

September Bush

Attractive 2m bushy shrub, purple-pink flowers, insects
 

Psychotria capensis

Black Bird-berry

Bushy shrub 2m sun or shade, yellow flowers, birds. Good screen.

Rhamnus prinoides

Dogwood

2-4m straggly shrub, sun/light shade, glossy foliage, small berries for birds

Rinorea angustifolia

White Violet-bush

2-4m small sparse understorey tree, shade, scented white teardrop flowers

Rothmannia globosa

September Bells

Shrub-small tree 2-4m, sun-semi, profuse beautiful scented cream bell-flowers

Sclerochiton odoratissimus

White Lips

2m scrambling shrub, semi-shade, smallish leaves and white 'lip' flowers

Searsia burchellii

Karoo Kunibush

2-4m bushy shrub with tiny yellow flowers and fruit for birds
 

Searsia crenata

Dune Crow-Berry

3-4m dense shrubby coastal dune tree, sun, hardy, dark bluish fruit for birds

Searsia dentata

Nana Berry

Hardy shrub up to 2m. Multistemmed. Reddish berries consumed by birds.

Searsia gerrardii

River Currant

5m, sun, graceful drooping habit, yellow flowers
 

Searsia krebsiana

Mountain Currant

Shrub/small tree to 3m, sun, autumn leaves,fruit for birds
 

Searsia pallens

Ribbed Currant

Much-branched shrubby plant 3m, sun/semi; new leaves red; fruit for birds

Searsia pentheri

Crow-Berry

Smallish drought-tolerant tree to 6m, fruit for birds
 

Searsia rehmanniana

Blunt-leaf Crow-berry

Shrub,small tree, 5m, sun, chunky crown, fruit for birds
 

Searsia tomentosa

 

1m Spreading shrub, cream flowers insects, fruit for birds
 

Syncolostemon rotundifolius

Round-leaved Pink Plume

1-2m, sun; pink-mauve flowers; seldom found in nurseries

Syzygium pondoense

Pondoland Waterwood

Attractive small bushy tree, prefers sunny position, in wet soil, fruits attract birds

Tecoma capensis

Apricot Tecomaria

Scandent shrub, sun/semi, apricot flowers, birds. Good hedge plant.

Tecoma capensis

Cape Honeysuckle Mixed 

Scandent shrub, sun/semi, bright colourful flowers, birds. Good hedge plant.

Tecoma capensis

Dark Orange Tecomaria

Scandent shrub, sun/semi, dark orange flowers, birds. Good hedge plant.

Tecoma capensis

Peach Tecomaria

Scandent shrub, sun/semi, peach flowers, birds. Good hedge plant.

Tecoma capensis

Red Tecomaria

Scandent shrub, sun/semi, red flowers, birds. Good hedge plant.
 

Tecoma capensis

Salmon Tecomaria

Scandent shrub, sun/semi, salmon flowers, birds. Good hedge plant.

Tinnea barbata

Bluedragon Bush

2m bushy shrub, sun/semi-shade. Small pretty, hanging mauve-blue flowers

Trichocladus ellipticus

White Hazel

3-7m upright shrub, forest shade, goldish flowers with unusual spherical shape

Turraea obtusifolia

Honeysuckle Bush

Small woody shrub 1-2m, beautiful but unscented white flowers, fruits attract birds

Vangueria infausta

Natal Medlar

Chunky small deciduous tree with nutritious edible fruit, brings insects & birds

Vernonia colorata

Lowveld Bitter-tea

4m, sun. Profuse lilac flowers with lovely scent attract butterflies.
 

Xylotheca kraussiana

African Dog-rose

Small bushy tree, sun-semi, large white flowers, good for birds and butterflies